These crises are linked to major population movements in border areas, notably involving refugees from Sudan in the east, refugees and returnees from the Central African Republic in the south, and more recently Nigerian refugees and internally displaced people in the Lake Province in the west of the country. In the Lac region, instability persists. This region is also affected by the consequences of climate change (an increase in rainfall, more frequent periods of aridity and drought) that are exacerbating desertification and drying up Lake Chad, at a time when the region is already under pressure from the arrival of displaced populations.
Predominantly rural, Chad is ranked among the poorest countries in terms of human development. President Idriss Déby died on 20 April 2021, the day after his fifth re-election. With Chad in deep economic recession since the 2016 presidential election and the fall in oil prices in 2014, the death of the president has plunged the country into a period of uncertainty.
Number of HI staff: 79
Programmed opened in: 2014