During the second Libyan Civil War, over half a million people were displaced, and by 2018 the conflict claimed more than 4,400 civilian lives since 2014. The situation stabilized in the summer of 2020, paving the way for a cease-fire signed in August, but the highly anticipated presidential elections are likely to be postponed, creating prolonged political uncertainty.
The civilian population is not only impacted by the criminalization of armed groups and armed conflict, but by the collapse of an official economy and the development of a shadow war economy. In addition, the overall number of migrants, asylum seekers refugees in Libya is estimated at 977,000.
In 2020 and 2021, the situation in main cities has worsened on nearly all levels. Health services are overstretched by the Covid-19 pandemic, power cuts and water shortage are now happening daily, as essentials are becoming increasingly expensive. Political power shifts contribute to a high level of insecurity. The Libyan population regularly demonstrates in the streets and main cities of the country.
Number of HI staff members: 87
Date the programme opened: 2011